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          您現在的位置:首頁 > 體育論文 > 太極拳慕課教學問題與改革建議
          太極拳慕課教學問題與改革建議
          發布時間:2016-08-27

          摘要

           

            信息技術在各行各業的應用與普及是非常迅速的,國家對教育改革與創新,就特別強調了加強信息技術在教學中應用,實現教育信息化。太極,是我國一項傳統健身運動,這幾年吸引了許多年輕愛好者。一些高校,為了能夠弘揚傳統文化,繼承太極拳的精髓,開設了太極拳課程,吸引了許多學生的報名參加。但是太極拳的特殊性,與其他運動的“猛烈沖擊”特征形成了較大的反差,很多頗有運動天賦的學生在練習太極拳時候遇到了較大的困難,而作為太極拳教師面對一群活潑卻缺乏耐心的學生,教學上也遇到一定挑戰。要提升太極拳的教學水平,就要加強信息技術在教學中的應用,慕課就是一種很好的方式。

            1 慕課在太極教學中的應用意義

            1. 1 有助于激發學生的學習興趣

            大學生,是一個充滿生機與活力的群體。傳統的太極拳,雖然能夠吸引部分學生的積極報名,但是呆板的教學方式,會讓學生枯燥無味。例如部分教師在教授太極拳的時候,主要運用日常的體育運動教學方式,無法激發學生的積極性。尤其是一些學生在練習太極拳的時候,缺乏耐心,無法把握太極拳“柔和”,出現部分學生半途而廢。在實際教學中,加強慕課在教學中應用,實現了線上教學與線下教學的相結合,信息技術的強大能夠有效激發學生的興趣,提升太極拳的教學水平。

            1. 2 有助于減輕教師教學壓力

            隨著社會物價上漲,青年教師的生存壓力變得更大。在高校,很多教師不僅面臨著經濟的壓力,還面臨著教學的壓力。一些學校的太極拳教師,是由其他體育教師兼任,他們教學任務非常沉重,甚至一位教師擔任整個年級的教學,心理負擔非常大,嚴重影響著他們身心健康以及教學效率。加強慕課在教學中應用,能夠在一定程度上減輕教師的負擔。

            太極拳不僅在外形上是獨特的,而且在內功上也有其特殊的要求。練太極拳時,首先要用意不用拙力,所以太極拳在內是意氣運動,在外則是神氣鼓蕩運動,也就是說既要練意,又要練氣。這種意氣運動的特點是太極拳的精華所在,并統領著太極拳的其他各種特點。由于太極拳的部分動作比較難以掌握,僅僅依靠課堂教學是無法達到教學目的。通過慕課,學生不僅可以利用業余時間進行提前預習,還可以對一些難度大的動作進行復習,這樣能夠提升學習效率,最終能夠有效減輕教師教學壓力。

            1. 3 有助于積累相關教學資源

            要提升太極教學的水平,高校體育教學部門,要沉淀與積累相關的教學資源,加大力度對太極拳教學的探討與研究,構建完善的太極拳課程教學體系。傳統的教學方式,很多時候都是教師臨時發揮,對于一些先進的教學經驗以及不足之處,都沒有進行歸納與總結。通過慕課,體育教師能夠將太極拳一些優秀課程進行保存與總結,形成學校的特色太極拳慕課,供廣大學生的學習與分享。

            2 基于慕課視野下的太極教學存在問題

            2. 1 教師的信息技術水平不高

            21 世紀,是信息技術快速發展的年代。教師,作為傳道授業者,自身要提升信息技術水平,才能更好地適應時代發展的要求,才能適應教育信息化的趨勢。縱觀現在高校的太極拳教師,有些學校太極拳課程是由校外兼職教師擔任,這些教師具有豐富教學經驗,但是這些教師年齡較大,信息技術水平比較薄弱,對于慕課等新鮮事物缺乏了解,因此在運用慕課輔助教學的時候,存在較多的問題。例如教師在周末的時候,給學生進行在線教學太極拳相關理論,由于計算機技術不過關,在講課過程中總會遇到各種中斷情況,影響了學生學習的激情。

            2. 2 慕課質量較差

            慕課,作為一種開放性課程,這種課程與傳統課程不太一樣,主要是通過互聯網的方式與學員面對面交流,實現在線教學,慕課具有大規模的特點。縱觀現在高校的慕課,雖然應用比較普及,但是慕課的質量比較差,嚴重影響學生的學習效果。例如某高校的太極拳課程的慕課,在學習時候,經常遇到畫面不清晰,聲音比較模糊,而且經常卡住播放不了。其次,學校在一些慕課網站,很多時候打不開,學生無法學習等。

            3 基于慕課視野下的太極教學改革策略

            3. 1 引進和培養優秀的太極拳教師

            在新時期,信息技術在教學的應用是一件比較普遍的事情,但是歸根到底,無論是傳統教學,還是信息技術輔助教學,教師的教學水平都要過關。假若太極拳教師自身的技術不過關,或者教學方式比較陳舊,就算借助慕課教學,也難以提升教學水平。因此,作為高校,要引進優秀的太極拳教師,可以從一些太極館或者武術館邀請太極大師擔任兼職教師,給學生傳授專業的太極拳。其次,學校要加強對現有太極拳教師的培訓,邀請一些名師給教師上課,傳授更多的教學經驗與方法。最后,要加強對太極拳教師的考核,對于一些上課不認真,尤其是過度依賴慕課教學的教師,要進行善意的提醒與教育。

            3. 2 完善太極拳課程體系

            太極拳,整個運動過程都體現“陰陽”與“虛實”,在具體的動作中表現為每套拳式都具備“開與合”“圓與方”“卷與放”“虛與實”“輕與沉”“柔與剛”“慢與快”,同時在動作中都左右、上下、里外、大小與進退等對立統一的獨特形式。以往很多學校采用慕課教學,整個慕課都是以同樣的方式對整個太極拳課程進行傳授,這樣是不科學,缺乏對太極拳的各個具體動作的深入研究。因此,在采用慕課教學時候,應該進一步完善太極拳的課程體系,合理安排好每個動作教學時間與內容。

            4 結語

            慕課,作為教育信息化的新產品,不僅能夠激發學生學習興趣,還可以加強教師教學壓力,提升教學水平,進一步沉淀與豐富教學資源。基于慕課視野下,太極拳教學依然存在著教師信息技術不過關,慕課質量太差等問題。在新的時期,要引進與培養優秀教師,完善太極拳課程體系,提升太極拳的教學質量。

            參考文獻:

            [1]石健東,梁風,陶意敏。 淺談普通高校開展太極柔力球運動的價值[J]. 體育科技文獻通報,2008( 05) .

            [2]袁宇寧,安汝杰。 太極柔力球發展現狀及問題研究[J]. 佳木斯職業學院學報,2015( 08) .

            [3]李小妮。 太極柔力球運動對大學生身心健康的影響[J]. 體育科技文獻通報,2014( 01) .

           

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